ABOUT CITY CHAKWAL
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DISTRICT.
Chakwal was given the status of district in 1985. Attock and Rawalpindi districts are located on its North; Khushab on its South, Jhelum on its East and Mianwali district is on its West. The total area of the district is 6524 square kilometres comprising of following three tehsils:-
2. Choa Saidan Shah
CLIMATE AND GENERAL SOIL CONDITIONS.
The weather is hot in summer where as dry and cold in winter. The average annual rainfall is 880 mm. The temperature during the winter is 8Ã‚ÂºC, which shoots up to 42Ã‚ÂºC during summer. The land is plain as well as hilly
The Ancestor List
Chakwal was created as an independent district of Rawalpindi division in 1985 by combining subdivision Chakwal of district Jhelum, sub-division Talagang of district Attock and police station Choa Saidan Shah, carved out of subdivision Pind Dadan Khan, district Jhelum, and amalgamating it with sub-division Chakwal.
Choa Saidan Shah was upgraded to the level of a sub-division in 1993. District Chakwal is bordered by the districts of Rawalpindi and Attock in the north, district Jhelum in the east, district Khushab in the south and district Mianwali in the west.The total area of district Chakwal is 6609 square kilometers, which is equivalent to 1652443 acres, and as enumerated in the 1998 census the total population is 1059451, 87.7%% of which lives in rural areas and 12.3% in the urban areas, making Chakwal a predominantly rural district pivoted on an agrarian economy with a very small industrial sector. Lying at the beginning of the Potohar plateau and the Salt Range, Chakwal is a barani district and the terrain is mainly hilly, covered with scrub forest in the southwest, and levelled plains interspaced with dry rocky patches in the north and northeast. The tribes clans and castes that inhabit this area are the Syeds, bhutta's,Rajputs, Mehr Minhases, Kahuts, Mughals, Gujars, Gondals, awans, Arains and the Sheikhs.
The physical features of the district, its tribes, its society and its economy all combine to make Chakwal one of the main recruiting areas for the Army and the Air Force. Other main occupations of the people are agriculture and mining. Transport and poultry business is also important. At present district Chakwal consists of 3 subdivisions - Chakwal, Talagang and Choa Saidan Shah; 1 sub-tehsil- Kallar Kahar, 23 qanungois and 198 patwar circles.
The police subdivisions correspond with those of the district administration and there are 11 police stations- Chakwal City, Saddar, Kallar Kahar, Dhumman, Nila, Dhudhial, Talagang City, Saddar, Tamman, Lawa and Choa Saidan Shah. The political establishment of Chakwal comprises of two seats in the National Assembly, NA-43 and NA-44, and four in the Provincial Assembly- PP-16, PP-17, PP-18 and PP-19. There is one district council, two municipal committees- Chakwal and Talagang and one town committee- Choa Saidan Shah. Culture The culture of Chakwal is primarily based on the way of living as taught in Islam; but owing to the fact that Chakwal before independence was an area where a large number of Hindus lived, it is influenced by Hindu rites, rituals and even ideas. The people of Chakwal live a simple and straight life as enjoined by their religion.
Like all other places of the country, Chakwal has been frequented by a number of saints who came here to spread Islam. Mausoleums and shrines of these holy men were built after their death by the followers. The more important of these shrines are:
The more important of these shrines are:
1. Darbar, Bawa Qudrat Shah Mushahdi, Balkassar.
2. Darbar, Hazrat Ahoo Bahoo, Kallar Kahar
3. Chila Gah, Hazrat Sultan Bahoo, Kallar Kahar
4. Chila Gah, Hazrat Baba Farid Gunj Shakkar, Kallar Kahar
5. Darbar Pattalian
6. Darbar Alawal Sharif
7. Darbar Pir Waliat Shah, Karsal
8. Darbar Pir Khara Sharif
The dress that men, women and children of Chakwal district wear is very simple. Men generally wear shalwar Kumeez or Dhoti Kurta, a turban on special occasion, with Chappals, Khusas, Sandles or moccasins. In the winter months they add a coat, sweater or a Dhussa with it. The more educated class and the city dwellers also wear shirts with trousers, adding a coat and neck tie in the winters. Young boys can be seen wearing jeens and shirts occasionally. Women almost invariably wear Shalwar Kameez with Dopatta, and a woolen Shawal or Sweater in the winter. Sarhis or western dresses are never worn. Footwear consists of Chappals or Sandals. On occasions of festivity the Kameez and Dopatta are heavily embroidered. Ornaments of gold and silver are also worn depending on the occasion and the financial position. Young boys wear Kameez or a shirt with Knickers and young girls wear Shalwar Kameez or Frocks.
Farming and farming related activities are the main occupation of the people of Chakwal. A small percentage is employed in the trading sector, a smaller as industrial and mining labour and a very small fraction is employed in technical fields like health, education, banking, engineering etc.
Customs and Traditions
The culture of Chakwal is primarily based on the way of living as taught in Islam; but owing to the fact that Chakwal before independence was an area where a large number of Hindus lived, it is influenced by Hindu rites, rituals and even ideas. The ceremonies of mayun and mehndi, the extravagant expenditures made on feasting guests at death, the hosting of a lavish meal by the bride’s parents on the barat, large dowries for brides, the belief that parents must not stay in the houses of their married daughters, and melas at the mausoleums of pirs are all of Hindu origin. Besides this, the people of Chakwal live a simple and straight life as enjoined by their religion.
Gurudwara Pehli Patshahi , Katas, Distt Chakwal
Katas is a very sacred place for the Hindus. It is located on a hill six kilometers from Choasaidan Shah of Chakwal district. The place is mentioned in Mahabharata anÂ¢ according to Hindu religious belief, both Katas and the Paskar (Ajmer) are the eyes of Shiva. Paras Nath Jogi breathed his last here. Jagat Guru Nanak Ji also visited Katas and had set his foot here on the 1st of Visakh. This place came to be known as Nanaknawas. It was the abode of contemplation for larger groups of mystics, ascetics and Jogies. In the absence of proper markings or sign boards it is difficult to separate one place from the other.
It has great historical significance because it was the place where Alberuni attempted to measure the circumference of Earth, studied and learnt Sanskrit, wrote his renowned "Kitab-ulHind". Even today groups of Hindu pitgrims come from India to visit it regularly to worship.
These historical sites are gradually withering away due to the neglect by the government....